Difference of solvent polarity to phytochemical content and antioxidant activity of Pluchea indicia Less leaves extracts

Widyawati, Paini Sri and Budianta, Tarsisius Dwi Wibawa and Kusuma, Fenny Anggraeni and Wijaya, Evelyn Livia (2014) Difference of solvent polarity to phytochemical content and antioxidant activity of Pluchea indicia Less leaves extracts. International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research, 6 (4). pp. 850-855. ISSN 0975-4873

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Abstract

Pluchea indica Less called local name Beluntas or Luntas, one of herb plants, is usually used as traditional medicine by people in Indonesia. Phytochemical content in this Pluchea leaves can reduce odor body and prevent many diseases. Phytochemical polarity in Pluchea leaves is various so that can be extracted by different solvents. The phytochemical contents determine their antioxidant capacity. The study was conducted to determine difference of solvent polarity (water, methanol, ethanol, ethyl acetate, and hexanes) to phytochemical contents and antioxidant activity of Pluchea leaves extracts. The results showed that major phytochemical in Pluchea leaves was polar properties extracted by water, methanol, and ethanol, including flavonoid, saponin, phenol hydroquinone, alkaloid, sterol, tannin, and reducing sugar. A part of them had semi polar properties, such as sterol, flavonoid, phenol hidroquinone, and alkaloid. Another of them had non polar properties, i.e. sterol, flavonoid, and phenol hydroquinone, and alkaloid. Phytochemical content was correlated with total phenolic and total flavonoid contents and antioxidant activity. Methanolic extract had the highest total phenol and total flavonoid, 1185.2 mg GAE/g samples dry base and 911.9 mg CE/g samples dry base, respectively, consequently it had the highest a DPPH free scavenging activity and iron ion reducing power, 794.9 mg GAE/g samples dry base and 2.14 mg GAE/g samples dry base, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pluchea indicia Less, phytochemical, antioxidant activity.
Subjects: Agriculture and Food Technology
Divisions: Journal Publication
Depositing User: Paini Sri Widyawati
Date Deposited: 24 May 2017 04:06
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2019 08:08
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/10684

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