Natural zeolite from Pacitan Indonesia, as catalyst support for transesterification of palm oil

Kusuma, Ricky Indra and Hadinoto, Johan Prabowo and Ayucitra, Aning and Soetaredjo, Felycia Edi and Ismadji, Suryadi (2013) Natural zeolite from Pacitan Indonesia, as catalyst support for transesterification of palm oil. Applied Clay Science, 74. pp. 121-126. ISSN 0169-1317

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Abstract

The transesterification of palm oil to methyl esters (biodiesel) was studied using KOH/zeolite as solid heterogeneous catalysts. Various process variables such as KOH concentration and reaction time were studied in order to obtain maximum yield of biodiesel. A series of KOH/zeolite catalyst was prepared by impregnation of zeolite from Pacitan with potassium hydroxide in a various concentration (25 g KOH in 100 mL of distilled water; 50 g KOH in 100 mL of distilled water; 75 g in 100 mL of distilled water; and 100 g in 100 mL of distilled water). The weight ratios between zeolite and KOH solution were 1:4. Transesterification was carried out at various reaction times (1 to 4 h). The impregnation of zeolite with KOH concentration of 100 g/100 mL gave maximum yield of biodiesel. The natural zeolite, catalyst, and spent catalysts were characterised by using several techniques such as XRD, EDX, and SEM.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; Transesterification; Solid catalyst; Zeolite; Palm oil
Subjects: Engineering > Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Journal Publication
Depositing User: Suryadi. Ismadji
Date Deposited: 24 May 2017 07:40
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2018 07:17
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/10777

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