Comparison of the effect of aerobic and cultivation exercise in lowering blood pressure in hypertensive elderly

Manungkalit, Maria and Sari, Ni Putu Wulan Purnama (2018) Comparison of the effect of aerobic and cultivation exercise in lowering blood pressure in hypertensive elderly. In: The 4th International Conference on Nursing (ICON) 2018, 8-9 September 2018, Malang, Indonesia. (In Press)

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Abstract

Background: The elderly are prone to hypertension (HT) because of a decrease in the elasticity of blood vessels, fat deposits in the vessel walls, stress, alcohol and salty food consumption, low consumption of fruit and vegetables, smoking, obesity, and lack of exercise. This study aimed to analyze the effectiveness differences between aerobic and cultivation exercise in lowering blood pressure (BP) in elderly with HT. Methods: This comparative study utilized pretest post-test design. There were 31 elderly with HT obtained by mean of purposive sampling. They took part as respondents and were divided into two groups. Physical gymnastic fitness (PGF) and Falun Dafa exercise (FDE) were compared as a mean of aerobic and cultivation exercise respectively, both were being independent variable. Systolic and diastolic BP were measured after three times of 30 minutes PGF and 30 minutes FDE in both groups. The instruments used were sphygmomanometer and observation sheet. Data were then analyzed by using descriptive statistic and Independent Sample T Test (α<.05). Ethical clearance was issued. Results: There was a significant difference found in the post-test results of systolic and diastolic pressure between groups with p=.002 and p=.005 respectively, but there was no significant difference found between the effectiveness of PGF and FDE in lowering systolic and diastolic pressure with p=.403 and p=.809 respectively. Conclusions: PGF and FDE have similar effectiveness in lowering BP in hypertensive elderly. Energic PGF and relaxing FDE may be one of exercise choice for elderly with HT by relatively the same effectiveness in lowering BP.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: Nursing Science
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing
Depositing User: Maria Manungkalit
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2019 08:53
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2019 08:53
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/18200

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