The synthesis of biodiesel using copper based metal-organic framework as a catalyst

Pangestu, Tresia and Kurniawan, Yosafat and Soetaredjo, Felycia Edi and Santoso, Shella Permatasari and Irawaty, Wenny and Yuliana, Maria and Hartono, Sandy Budi and Ismadji, Suryadi (2019) The synthesis of biodiesel using copper based metal-organic framework as a catalyst. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 7 (4). pp. 1-8. ISSN 22133437

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...

Abstract

The metal-organic framework (MOF) used as a heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production has been produced from the coordination of benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (BTc) and divalent copper (Cu). A straightforward solvothermal method with ethanol-water solvent was employed for the production of MOF, and rod-like CuBTc-MOF particles with a unit cell length of 37.12 nm were obtained. Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) sorption- isotherm characterization revealed that CuBTc holds a surface area of 1085.72m2/g and a total pore volume of 1.68 cm3/g. The high thermal stability of CuBTc, with a degradation temperature of 303 °C, was confirmed through thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Other characterizations were also carried out to characterize the CuBTc. Specifically, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The produced CuBTc-MOF is applied to produce biodiesel from palm oil. The composition in biodiesel was quantified using gas chromatography (GC) analysis. The optimal FAME yield in biodiesel of 91% was obtained from transesterification using 0.04 g CuBTc and methanol to oil volume ratio of 5:1. Recycled CuBTc- MOF was also capable of producing biodiesel with high FAME yield, which is 86%. The obtained result signifies the potential catalytic activity of CuBTc-MOF in the production of biodiesel.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Metal-organic framework Copper complex Tricarboxylic acid Trimesic acid Biodiesel Transesterification
Subjects: Engineering > Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Journal Publication
Depositing User: F.X. Hadi
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2019 04:01
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2020 07:44
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/20117

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