Anti-diabetes activity of Kombucha prepared from different snake fruit cultivars

Zubaidah, Elok and Ifadah, Raida Amelia and Kalsum, Umi and Lyrawati, Diana and Putri, Widya Dwi Rukmi and Srianta, Ignatius and Blanc, Philippe J (2019) Anti-diabetes activity of Kombucha prepared from different snake fruit cultivars. Nutrition & Food Science, 49 (2). pp. 333-343. ISSN 0034-6659, Jurnal Internasional Berputasi Q3, SJR.:0,25

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Abstract

Purpose – This paper aims to study the anti-diabetes activity of the Kombucha prepared from different snake fruit cultivars. Design/methodology/approach – The juices of snake fruits of Suwaru, Madura, Pondoh and Bali cultivars were fermented for 14 days. Anti-diabetes activity of the products was analyzed. Twentyfour male albino Wistar rats were used and randomly divided into six experimental groups, i.e. four groups of the diabetic rats treated with the Kombucha, plus the normal group and diabetic control group. The Kombucha were orally administered to the streptozotocin induced-diabetic rats at 5 mL/kg body weight per day during the 28-day experiment. The fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oxidative stress indices (superoxide dismutase [SOD] activity and Malondialdehyde [MDA] level) and lipid profile of the blood plasma were measured. The pancreas was used for immunohistochemical study and b -cells quantification. Data were analysed by ANOVA followed by Fisher test using Minitab version 16.0. Findings – FPG of the diabetic rats treated with the Kombucha (110.3-189.3 mg/dL) was significantly lower (p = 0.000) than the diabetic control group (413.3 mg/dL). Those were in line with the number of pancreatic b -cells of 42.1 in diabetic rats that lower (p = 006) than those in treated the diabetic rats (61.2-73.5). The treated diabetic rats had lower oxidative stress (SOD activity: 20.9-44.6 unit/100 mL with p = 0.000; MDA level: 0.37-0.48 ng/100 mL with p = 0.000) than those in the diabetic rats (SOD activity: 18.7 unit/100mL; MDA level: 0.84 ng/100 mL). The treated diabetic rats also showed better lipid profile than those in the diabetic control rats. There were cultivar differences, and the Suwaru and Madura snake fruit Kombucha demonstrated the most potential for diabetes management. Originality/value – This is the first study on in vivo anti-diabetes activity of snake fruit Kombucha prepared fromdifferent snake fruit cultivars.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Jurnal Internasional Berputasi Q3, SJR.:0,25
Uncontrolled Keywords: In vivo, Anti-diabetes, Diabetic rats, Snake fruit, Kombucha
Subjects: Agriculture and Food Technology
Divisions: Journal Publication
Depositing User: F.X. Hadi
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2019 04:41
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2019 07:38
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/20186

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