Comparison of blood pressure and blood glucose level among elderly with non-communicable disease

Sari, Ni Putu Wulan Purnama and Artsanthia, Jintana (2019) Comparison of blood pressure and blood glucose level among elderly with non-communicable disease. International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), 8 (2). pp. 105-113. ISSN 2252-8806, Jurnal Nasional Terakreditasi Sinta 2

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Abstract

Due to increasing age, elderly are prone to non-communicable diseases (NCD), such as hypertension (HT) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Blood pressure (BP) and blood glucose level (BGL) are vital to be monitored. This study aimed to compare and analyze the differences of BP and BGL among elderly with HT and/or DM. This cross-sectional study involved 100 and 96 elderly with HT and/or DM in communities of Bangkok and Surabaya respectively (n=196). Instruments used were demography questionnaire, sphygmomanometer, and glucometer. Test of one-way ANOVA, LSD, Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann-Whitney U were used for data analysis (α<.05). There was a significant difference of systolic and diastolic BP found between groups (p=.000 and p=.011 respectively), but no difference found between the groups of HT and DM&HT (p=.657 and p=.330 respectively). There was a significant difference of BGL found between groups (p=.002), but no difference found between the groups of HT and DM (p=.075), and between the groups of DM and DM&HT (p=.066). BP is significantly different between groups of HT and DM, but BGL is similar. Risk of HT is very high in elderly with DM. Elderly with DM&HT has high BP and BGL similarly to those with single disease of HT or DM.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Jurnal Nasional Terakreditasi Sinta 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blood glucose Blood pressure Diabetes mellitus Elderly Hypertension
Subjects: Nursing Science
Divisions: Journal Publication
Depositing User: F.X. Hadi
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2019 06:30
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 06:30
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/20270

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