Gender-based directives used by major characters in Arthur Miller's all my sons

Harmanto, Jessica Oktasiani (2008) Gender-based directives used by major characters in Arthur Miller's all my sons. Undergraduate thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University.

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Abstract

The study under report tried to answer the following major research questions: (1) What types of directives are used by male and female major characters in Arthur Miller's play All My Sons?, (2) How do the listeners respond to the directives given by male and female major characters in Arthur Miller's play All My Sons? To answer the first and the second questions, the writer reread and underlined the utterances of the major characters which contain directives in Arthur Miler’s play All My Sons, collected and listed the utterances which contain directives used by the male and female major characters of the play and analyzed them based on the parameters taken from Goodwin’s study of aggravated and mitigated directives and Austin’s theory of speech acts (see Analysis Table). The analysis of the data brought the following results: (1) male major characters tend to give aggravated directives more than mitigated directives to both male character listeners (86.96%) and female character listeners (75%). While female major character also tend to give aggravated directives more than mitigated directives to both male character listeners (76%) and female character listeners (57.14%); (2) Male character listeners respond verbally with affirmative and interrogative utterances equally (35.29%) to aggravated directives given to them by male major characters while they respond verbally with affirmative and interrogative utterances (50%) given to them by male major characters. Regarding the female character listeners, they respond verbally with affirmative utterances (62.5%) to aggravated directives given by male major characters while they respond the mitigated directives given by male major characters mostly nonverbally with action. Male character listeners mostly respond verbally with affirmative utterances to both aggravated directives (66.67%) and mitigated directives (100%) given by female major characters. Female character listeners mostly respond verbally with affirmative utterances (75%) to aggravated directives given to them by female major characters while they respond verbally with affirmative and interrogative utterances equally (50%) to mitigated directives given to them by female major characters. The research and its report are still far from being perfect. It is suggested that further researches on the same topic be carried out with more modern theories or the latest experts’ studies and analyze Indonesian plays as a written text as well as an audio or a visual data source to know the exact responds from the listeners to the directives given.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gender, directives, major characters, play
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > English Education Study Program
Depositing User: EK Lengkonosari PN
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2015 05:20
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2015 05:20
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/2821

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