The effect of using picture series with written questions and list of vocabulary and headings on the narrative writing achievement of the Senior High School students of SMUK St. Agnes

Saputra, Lilyana Surya (2004) The effect of using picture series with written questions and list of vocabulary and headings on the narrative writing achievement of the Senior High School students of SMUK St. Agnes. Undergraduate thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.

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Abstract

Writing is one of the four skills that needs to be mastered by students in learning English as a foreign language. Nevertheless, many students find it difficult to write, either because of the limited knowledge about the subject or because they can not find an idea to write. These difficulties are often faced by students even though they have to write the simplest type of writing that is narrative. It seems that students need something that will help them to write better. Setyawati (1998) and Hariyadi (1998) said that the use of picture series with oral questions was proven to be a better technique to teach narrative writing compared to a list of vocabulary and headings technique. Their samples were the second semester students of the English Department of Widya Mandala University. However, Susanti (2000), after conducting the same research found out that both techniques were good to teach narrative writing and to help the students to get ideas to write more easily and chronologically. Susanti took the first semester students of the English Department of Widya Mandala University as her samples. In this thesis, the writer would like to confirm the previous findings using the same techniques with a little change. The writer changed the oral questions into written ones and applied the techniques to second year senior high school students. In conducting her research, the writer followed some steps. First, she took two classes, which contained students with high, middle, and low English competence, as her samples. Then, she gave different treatment to each of the classes. One class was taught to write narrative composition through the help of picture series with written questions technique while the other class was taught using a list of vocabulary with heading technique. The writer gave the treatment in three meetings and she also used another meeting to hold a post-test. The scores of the post-test were used as the main data to test he Ho. Afterward, the writer made a conclusion whether or not there was a significant difference between the use of picture series with written questions and a list of vocabulary with headings on the students’ narrative writing achievement. After calculating the scores of the post-test, the writer found out that class H-2 which was taught using picture series with written questions got higher score than class II-5 which was taught using a list of vocabulary with headings. She also got the t table of 2,00 and to of 1,45. Since the to is less than the t table, then the writer accepts the Ho which means that there is no significant difference between the use of picture series with written questions and the use of a list of vocabulary with headings as a means to teach narrative writing. Besides, the writer also made an analysis on the scores of the two level criteria of ESL Composition Profile that was used as a guideline in scoring the students’ narrative writing composition. The two criteria are content and organization. The writer discovered that the class which was taught using picture series with written questions got higher result than the other one taught using a list of vocabulary with headings. For the content, she got the t table of 2.00 and the to of 1.83 while for the organization, she got the t table of 2.00 and the to of 0,842. Therefore, she accepts the Ho, which means that there is no significant difference between the use of picture series with written questions and the use of a list of vocabulary with headings on the content and the organization of the students’ narrative writing. Finally, the writer wants to give suggestions for further research to use a larger sample so that they will get a more convincing result.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Department: ["eprint_fieldopt_department_Faculty of Teacher Training and Education" not defined]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Writing, narrative, picture series, written questions, list of vocabulary headings
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > English Education Study Program
Depositing User: EK Lengkonosari PN
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2015 03:39
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2015 03:39
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/3453

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