Errors of 'wish - clause' made by the third year students of A3 program of SMA Dapena I Surabaya

Tjandra, Fatmawati (1992) Errors of 'wish - clause' made by the third year students of A3 program of SMA Dapena I Surabaya. Undergraduate thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.

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Abstract

In the 1984 English curriculum for SMA, it is stated that ‘wish-clause’ pattern is one of the sub-topics of English that the third-year students should master. However, the fact shows that may SMA students still have difficulties in applying the ‘wish-clause’ pattern. To know which elements of ‘wish-clause’ pattern are most frequently misconstructed and why such types of errors are mostly made by the students, the writer carried out the present study. To obtain the data, the writer administered a test in ‘wish-clause’ pattern to the third-year students of SMA Dapena I in Surabaya. She took two groups of A3 students of which the total number was 73 as the sample of the study. For the instrument, the writer used a conversation type of test. The test consisted of 25 items divided into two parts: the first part which required the testees to converse factual statements into ‘wish-clauses’ consisted of 13 items and the second one which required the testees to converse ‘wish-clauses’ into factual statements consisted of 12 items. After analyzing, classifying and counting the identified errors, the writer ranked them according to their occurrence frequency. From the findings of the present study, she found that the elements of ‘wish-clause’ pattern which were most frequently misconstructed by the students under study were mostly in the form of (1) the auxiliary (41,1%), with the misuses of auxiliary (55,3%) as the biggest cause, (2) the main verb of the ‘wish-clause’ (29,1%), with the misuses of the verb form (95,7%) as the biggest cause, (3) the sentence subject (18,6%), with the change of the main clause subject (50,7%) as the biggest cause, (4) the negative marker (8,1%), with the omission of negative marker (81,7%) as the biggest cause, and (5) the verb ‘wish’ (3,1%), with the omission of ‘-es’ of the verb ‘wish’ (97,8%) as the biggest cause. From the findings, the writer found that the most difficult element of ‘wish-clause’ pattern lay in auxiliary since the percentage was the biggest (41,1%) and the easiest one lay in the verb “wish’ since the percentage was the smallest (3,1%). Hopefully, the findings of this study are most likely to be useful for the teachers of English, especially for those of SMA Dapena I Surabaya and to contribute more information in the field of the second language acquisition theory and research since the findings provide how the ‘wish-clause’ pattern is learned.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Department: ["eprint_fieldopt_department_Faculty of Teacher Training and Education" not defined]
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > English Education Study Program
Depositing User: EK Lengkonosari PN
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2016 03:48
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2016 08:17
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/3467

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