The effect of using pictures in teaching vocabulary to the elementary students of international language studies

Jandi, . (1998) The effect of using pictures in teaching vocabulary to the elementary students of international language studies. Undergraduate thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.


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The teaching of English as a foreign language in Indonesia is primarily emphasized on reading skill. The master of this skill is considered to be important, especially for the students who will continue their study to higher education. However, in mastering this skill, vocabulary plays an important role. In fact, the teaching vocabulary in class is often neglected by many English teachers. If a teacher teaches vocabulary, he or she usually teaches it in a conventional way. He just asks the students to pronounce the words well. Then, he gives the meaning of them. After that, the students are asked to memorize them and to do the vocabulary exercises. This makes the students bored and also discourages the students to learn English vocabulary. Realizing the importance of teaching vocabulary, recently, the possibility of teaching English to elementary school students has been paid much attention. Therefore, the writer introduces a technique that can improve students’ vocabulary. The technique is teaching vocabulary by using pictures. In carrying out this study, the non-equivalent pre-test post-test design was used. In this study, there were two groups involved which are a control group and an experimental group. Both groups were taught in a different way. The control group was taught by using traditional technique and the experimental group was taught by using pictures. After the treatments were finished, both groups were given a set of testing instrument which consisted of 50 items of multiple choice and essay. The scores obtained were then compared by means of ANCOVA. The result suggests that the group taught by using pictures was significantly better in their vocabulary mastery. It is finally concluded that the pictures technique is a better technique than the traditional technique since the data analysis made indicated that there was a significant difference in the vocabulary teaching between the group of students utilizing the pictures technique and the group utilizing the traditional technique. Based on the findings, the writer can conclude that the use of picture in teaching vocabulary help the students master English vocabulary.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Department: ["eprint_fieldopt_department_Faculty of Teacher Training and Education" not defined]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vocabulary, pictures, traditional technique, short-term memory, long-term memory
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > English Education Study Program
Depositing User: EK Lengkonosari PN
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2015 06:26
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2015 06:26

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