Preliminary pland design of ricinoleic acid from castor oil capacity 1 tonne/day

Andrean, Mario and Wibisono, Eka (2003) Preliminary pland design of ricinoleic acid from castor oil capacity 1 tonne/day. Undergraduate thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.

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Abstract

Castor oil is the main source of ricinoleic acid because of its high consentration of triglyceride ricinoleate. There is many uses of ricinoleic acid in chemical industries such as raw material for nylon polyester, grease, sinthetic lubricant, paint additives, and many other usage. In Indonesia the needs of castor oil become high these days, it can be seen at BPS import data which can be predicted the need in 2006 is about 2250 tonne. The splitting of ricinoleic acid from castor oil starts with the hydrolysis process, where triglyceride fatty acid splits to fatty acid. Then, ricinoleic acid separated in distilation column from other fatty acid and unsplitted triglyceride. This plant is feasible to be built because of the abundance of the raw material used, where most of these raw materials are produced in Semarang. Semarang is an industrial area; therefore the product's marketing is easier and cheaper. Thus, Semarang is chosen to be the plant location. From the process, this plant is feasible because the process is simple and does not require complex equipments. Based on our planning, this plant is feasible to build technically, environmentally, and economically. Technically, this plant can be built using the condition in this plant design. Environmentally, this plant produce harmless treated¬waste product (no pollution). Economically, this plant is profitable. The plant's Total Capital Investment (TCl) is Rp. 5,976,366,185,727.22, where the Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) is Rp. 17,091,612,935.12 and the Working Capital Investment (WCI) is Rp. 5,959,274,572,79210. Rate of Return before taxes : 52.28 % Rate of Return after taxes : 48.96 % Rate of Equity before taxes : 78.1 % Rate of Equity after taxes : 73.24 % Pay Out Time before taxes : 1.9841 years Pay Out Time after taxes : 2.1078 years Break Event Point : 53.89 %

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: Engineering > Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Chemical Engineering Study Program
Depositing User: Tri Saptati
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2016 06:05
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2016 06:05
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/5626

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