The Widya Mandala University S1 students’ skill in reading Indonesian political news critically

Sanjaya, Chatarina Ratih Hutami (2003) The Widya Mandala University S1 students’ skill in reading Indonesian political news critically. Masters thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.

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Abstract

Due to the fact that Indonesian political news tends to contain biases, the skill to read critically is considered important for university students as a potential political power to avoid being manipulated and provoked. This study was aimed at describing to what extent the Widya Mandala S1 students could read Indonesian political news critically. The major question investigated was: To what extent can the Widya Mandala University S1 students read Indonesian political news critically? Critical reading skill includes the ability in recognizing the writer's, purposes, the ability in noting special point of view, the ability in recognizing the writer's choice or language, the ability in evaluating the writer's argument and the ability in evaluating inferences. Thus, the above major question was claborated into live minor questions as stated here: (1) to what extent can the students recognize the writer's purposes? (2) To what extent can the students note special point of view? (3) To what extent can the students be aware of the writer's choice of language? (4) To what extent can the students evaluate the writer's argument and (5) To what extent can the students evaluate inferences? A descriptive study was then conducted. The data were the students' test scores The data were taken from a sample of 448 seventh semester S1 students of nine faculties/ departments of Widya Mandala University. The instrument was a test consisting of three parts. It was used to measure the students' critical reading skill. Each part of the test contained a piece of Indonesian political news. Each piece of political news was then followed by the same seven questions asking students to perform the five critical reading abilities. The mean calculation was then employed to analyze the data. The results of the data analysis show that the students' critical reading skill Was poor. In other words, the students performed poorly in reading Indonesian political news critically. The students performed moderately in recognizing the writer's purposes. However, they were poor in noting special point of view. The students showed poor awareness of the writer's choice of language. They were also poor in evaluating the writer's argument and evaluating inferences. Based on these facts, the students could be considered not immune to the news biases and easy to manipulate and provoke. This condition also reveals that the students need to be taught critical reading to enable them to read critically. Based on the findings above, this study proposes the teaching of critical reading besides the teaching of reading comprehension. It also strongly suggests that students be taught to read critically as early as possible. Practically, critical reading skill must be inserted in the language syllabus especially. The teaching of critical reading, of course, must involve the leaching of its five abilities with the adjustments to the level of difficulty of the material, the teaching techniques and the students’ characteristics.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Critical reading skill, Indonesian political news
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Graduate School > Master Program in Teaching English as a Foreign Language
Depositing User: Sri Kusuma Dewi
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2016 08:34
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2016 08:34
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/6128

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