Conventional and conversational implicatures in utterances by Huckleberry Finn and Jim in Mark Twain’s the adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Widjaja, Veronica Surya Dewi (2004) Conventional and conversational implicatures in utterances by Huckleberry Finn and Jim in Mark Twain’s the adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Masters thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.

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Abstract

In daily life, people often say what they mean explicitly or implicitly. Since the situation of daily life sometimes is placed in the form of literary work such as a novel, the researcher would like to find out whether the characters also utter what they mean explicitly or implicitly. This study is focused on the implicature that are used by the major characters and minor characters in a novel. Through the theory of Implicature as proposed by Grice, there are two (2) kinds of implicature, they are conventional and conversational implicatures. According to Yule, Conventional Implicature is classified into entailment, existential presupposition, factual presupposition, non-factual presupposition, lexical presupposition, structural presupposition, counter factual presupposition, and conventional metaphorical meaning. Furthermore, conversational implicature is classified into generalized and particularized conversational implicature. The approach of this study is qualitative approach and the researcher acts as the key instrument. The data analysis is based on interpretation. The data are taken from the utterances between Huckleberry Finn and Jim in Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn To measure the validity of this study, the researcher uses triangulation that is investigator triangulation. Through the analysis, it is found that there are two kinds of implicature; they are conventional and conversational implicatures. In addition, the most dominant type of conventional implicature is structural presupposition and the most dominant type of conversational implicature is particularized conversational implicature Due to what has been found in this research, it is suggested that tltrther research on spoken utterances that happen in real life could be conducted so the differences between written and spoken utterances could be compared.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Department: ["eprint_fieldopt_department_Graduate School" not defined]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Conventional implicature, conversational implicature, utterances
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Graduate School > Master Program in Teaching English as a Foreign Language
Depositing User: Sri Kusuma Dewi
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2016 09:50
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2016 09:50
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/6555

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