A study on the content validity of the placement test of language center “X”

Noertjahyanto, Mario Christian (2004) A study on the content validity of the placement test of language center “X”. Masters thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.

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Abstract

Due to the fact that a placement test is very important for a language center, and that many language centers still do not take seriously on the validity of the placement test, the writer made an analysis on the content validity of the placement test of one of the language centers in Surabaya. The writer hoped that this study would be useful for the language center so that the administrators of the language center would be aware of the content validity of the test and able to develop the quality of the placement test. He also hoped that this study would help other language centers in generating valid placement tests. This study was conducted based on one of the theories given by Brown (1996) that a placement test is a test which is used to help teachers decide which students should belong to certain levels of study in a program so that they are not placed in the inappropriate level. In generating a placement test, it is important to consider the content validity because a placement test is concerned with the materials taught in every level of the program. In doing the analysis, the writer used an exploratory-quantitative-interpretive design. From the data collection, this thesis is a non-experimental study because it explored the properties of an established test. In terms of the types of data, it dealt with qualitative data, namely the description of the test items and the language lessons, upon which judgment was given and then converted into quantitative data, i.e. the scores indicating the degree to which the items represented the skills taught by the lessons. In terms of the type of interpretation, this thesis was likely to incline toward interpretive analysis, by which the researcher interpreted the accumulated scores from the judges and inferred the content validity of the test under investigation. The writer found that the degree of representativeness toward level one is very low (0.36), which means that the skills and knowledge in level one are not represented well by the placement test. The skills and knowledge in level two also do not show significant difference from level one. The degree of representativeness for level two is 0.5825. One logical factor that may cause the low content validity of the test is that the test has never been improved for many years, while the materials have been improved several times during the years.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Content validity, placement test, language center, panel of experts
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Graduate School > Master Program in Teaching English as a Foreign Language
Depositing User: Sri Kusuma Dewi
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2016 09:45
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2016 09:45
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/6560

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