Internal and external factors as constraints in EFL beginning speakers' oral communication

Kusworo, R F X Agung Wirawan (1999) Internal and external factors as constraints in EFL beginning speakers' oral communication. Undergraduate thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.


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For many years, people, in the whole world, make a mutual interaction to each other in order to satisfy their daily needs fulfillment such as getting a house, food, job etc. In addition, they also have a relationship with other for any purposes such to express their feeling, idea, information or thought. They can socialize with their surroundings and even the people from other countries. Furthermore, in the process of interaction, people mostly use a language as a media to express anything in their mind. Language itself is a vehicle of transmitting ideas, thoughts and information in which they can in words, phrases or utterances. Thus, language usually interrelates with the term of communication. In other words, it can be said that communication can be a spoken language or speaking. So, it also is true that the use of spoken language or speaking in a real communication is the fastest way to express someone's idea, opinion, so on. Here, in this study, the writer interest to analyze the speaking performance as he found that there are obstacles occurred when someone: - EFL beginning speaker, begins to communicate orally. Ideally, someone who learns a foreign language means that he or she should be able to use it in a real communication at last. Yet EFL beginning speaker meet difficulties to express ideas, thoughts or opinions through words, phrases or even utterances, although they have already learnt about grammar, vocabularies etc. He, then, proposes that the EFL beginning speaker's problems are both internal and external factors, which are able to affect the ability to perform to speak English. Both often appear and potentially being able to lead the EFL beginning speaker to meet their failure to speak English as a foreign language. The first will be defined as emotional feelings, which consist of being lack of motivation, no selfconfidence supported by feeling of nervous, anxious, embarrass or shy, and fear to make mistake. While the next permits the influence of non-English speaking surrounding which is a supported factor to the successful speaking performance. Beside, insufficient time to practice to speak English is also considered as the external factor since the fluent of foreign language speaking is build by a lot of practice at the beginning of learning English. In other words, he confirms that EFL beginning speakers should concern with these both internal and external problems although the mastery of language component is important too. The writer, then, will discuss those problems that are divided in general discussion. He will define each of internal and external factors that is mostly experienced by EFL beginning speaker. And, he will also present how those factors influence the EFL beginning speaker's speaking performance. In another chapter, the writer tries to give solutions based on his investigation on theorists from some books or papers, journals who discussed about speaking as a topic. He also tries to give considerations for EFL teachers when they meet problems in their speaking classes. Finally, the writer builds his conclusion of this study and asks whether there are other investigators who are interested to develop this study. Hopefully, there will be better discussion about internal and external factors as problems in a learning foreign language.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Department: ["eprint_fieldopt_department_Faculty of Teacher Training and Education" not defined]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Internal and external factors, EFL beginning speakers
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > English Education Study Program
Depositing User: EK Lengkonosari PN
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2016 05:08
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2016 05:08

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