Metaphorical expressions in Javanese "Pucung"

Astuti, Chatarina Indah Puji (2001) Metaphorical expressions in Javanese "Pucung". Undergraduate thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.


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The Javanese are generally known as people with high regard for culture and principles of old tradition. Based on the principle of "Mamayu Hayuning Jagad Bawana" - a duty to keep the world in harmony and avoid anything that can bring misery for human life-Javanese people try to put everything in peace. The principle works with their speaking. Javanese people speak very carefully in a perfect way that can avoid other people from being offended or angry. This encourages the Javanese to use indirect language. In linguistics, the form of indirect language is usually noticed as metaphor. The use of metaphor within Javanese society, therefore, is not a new thing. There are varieties of Javanese metaphorical forms. They are presented smoothly in the forms of sung poems, or Gending in Javanese term. Javanese has many kinds of Gending. One interesting form of Javanese Gending is Pucung. Pucung is very special for it serves some functions. It can be used as a means of entertainment as well as education. Interested in the phenomenon of indirections in Javanese Pucung, this study tries to answer the question of "What kinds of metaphorical expressions are found in Javanese Pucung?" The metaphors in Pucung reveal the critical thinking and genuine sense of art. It is because the writer of the Gending has to explore words to present certain message in a certain rules of forming. Through the melodic tone sung, the hearers are brought to a certain mood where they do not directly realize that they are being criticized or given a lesson about life-the respect for other, modesty, love, and other universal values. The hearers are also offered with excitement through the game to guess certain object using the clues sung. All of them-the metaphors-are viewed in terms of their metaphor types, regarding George Lakoff's theory. Lakoff differs metaphors into structural, orientational, and ontological. Javanese metaphor types perfectly fit the three categorizations. It surely shows that Lakoff theory serves as a universal guide on the special linguistic phenomenon, metaphor. The metaphors in Javanese Gending, in turn, reveal the richness of the language that should not be overlooked. Moving with the era of modernization, the idealism to keep the world in harmony can be reached by relearning the past creation. Metaphorical expressions in Pucung, as the form of old tradition, are not worth forgotten. The young generation, in order to get their old treasure, therefore, has to know, to love and to preserve it.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Department: ["eprint_fieldopt_department_Faculty of Teacher Training and Education" not defined]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Metaphorical expressions, gending, pucung, structural metaphor, orientational metaphor, ontological metaphor
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > English Education Study Program
Depositing User: EK Lengkonosari PN
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2017 08:14
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2017 08:14

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