A comparative study of addressing one's uncle and aunt in Balinese and Javanese families

Widayanti, Dian Christina (2002) A comparative study of addressing one's uncle and aunt in Balinese and Javanese families. Undergraduate thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.

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Abstract

Sociolinguistics concerns with the topic about language and society because language cannot be separated from society. This study concerns many aspects of social and language variation such as address term, code switching, kinship system. The study under report deals with the connection of two aspects namely : address term and kinship system. In details, the topic of the study is the Balinese and Javanese address terms in addressing uncle and aunt. This topic was chosen based on the reason that there is a need for further investigation about language variation between different cultures to avoid misunderstanding. Based on the background, the study was done to answer the major question : "what are the differences and similarities that Balinese and Javanese use in addressing their uncle and aunt ?". This major problem was answered by answering the minor questions : (a) what address terms do the Balinese and Javanese use to address their uncle and aunt, and (b) what are the underlying reasons and social factors the Balinese and Javanese have. In line with the research questions, the objectives of the study are to : (a) find out the address term used by Balinese and Javanese, (b) find out the underlying reasons and social factors and (c) find out the differences and similarities of Balinese and Javanese address terms. The study is a qualitative study since it deals with the subjective description of the researcher, it has natural setting, and it involves the researcher in the observation. Also the data were analyzed inductively. The participants of the study are Balinese, from each caste and Javanese living around Bali and Surabaya. The data of the study were obtained from the recorded interview between the participants and the researcher. The findings of the study showed that there are many various terms used by Balinese to address their uncle. The terms are : Pak, Wo, Aji (for Brahmin), Aji, Ajung, Ji, Jung (for Kshatriya), Bapa, Aji (for Vaisya) and Bapa, Pak, Om (for Shudra). Whereas the terms used to address aunt are Wo, Biyang, Biyang Klu (for Brahmin), Wo, Wo Agung, Gung Wo, Wo Ratu, Ajung, Ibu, Bujung (for Kshatriya), Wo (for Brahmin) and Bibi, bi, Wo, Tante (for Shudra). The terms that are used by Javanese are Pakde, Pakpuh, Wak Gus, Paklik, Om, Paman to address uncle and Bupuh, Bude, Wakyu, Mbok De, Bulik, Tante to address their aunt. The reasons of using the terms also vary. The Balinese said that they want to show their social caste, familiarity, respect. While Javanese said that they are not influenced by social caste but they also want to show respect and familiarity. From the data analyzed, it is known that there are some similarities and differences. The similarities are : the Balinese and Javanese address terms have neutral terms, i.e om and tante; differentiate the addressee's position and are used to show respect and familiarity. The differences are Balinese address terms are followed by name, show social status, and can be used by both gender. These things cannot be found on Javanese. The findings show that the actually the Balinese and Javanese address terms are almost the same in the form and reason to use although there are still some differences. This is because generally speaking they are historically related.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Department: ["eprint_fieldopt_department_Faculty of Teacher Training and Education" not defined]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Terms of address, uncle, aunt, Balinese, Javanese
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > English Education Study Program
Depositing User: EK Lengkonosari PN
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2017 07:19
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2017 07:19
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/9056

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