High school students' mastery of the kinds of subjects in english sentences : an error analysis

Setiyowati, Dewi (1992) High school students' mastery of the kinds of subjects in english sentences : an error analysis. Undergraduate thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.

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Abstract

This study deals with the analysis of students' errors in determining the subject of the sentences. During her teaching practise at SMAK PIRNGADI, the writer found out that the third year students still got difficulties in determining the subjects of the English sentences. The writer got interested in making a study to out the types of English subject most of the students of SMAK PIRNGADI find hard to learn. In this study, the writer used the theory of Contra-stive Analysis which has the concepts that errors are caused by the interference of the learners' NL; the theory of error Analysis which states that most errors learn-ers make indicate they are gradually building an rule system; the theory of Interlanguage which refers to the structure system the learner constructs at any given stage in his development; the theory of the kinds of subjects of English sentences used to develop and analyze the test items. In constructing the instruments of this research, the writer made an objective test consisting of 80 items which was tried out and proved to be valid and reliable. Then the writer used the same test as the research test. The data obtained i.e the errors made by the students were classified into eight types: errors of nouns, errors of adjectives, errors of adverbs, errors of gerunds, errors of infinitives, errors of phrases, errors of clauses, errors of passive verbals. Each type of the errors was counted in number and in the percentage. The writer put the errors in a rank from the highest to the lowest occurances. The writer found out that the error types with the highest number is errors of clauses (27,91% ) , the second number is errors of passive verbals ( 27% ) , the thrird number is errors of phreses ( 22,63% ) , the fourth number is errors of gerunds(17,92% ) , the fifth number is errors of in finitives ( 17,68% ) , the sixth number is errors of adverbs (15,6% ) , the seventh number is errors of nouns (6,4%),the last number is errors of adjectives ( 6,18% ) Based on these results, the writer interpretes that some of the students have not mastered the function of the word. The students still get difficulties to differenciate the subject of the sentences.They do not know that subjects of senten ces can derive from verbs , adjectives ,or adverbs. At last the writer of this study concludes that the students still got difficulties in determining the com-plete subject of the sentences; therefore the writer hopes that this study can be used by the English teachers of SMAK PIRNGADI as a feed back to improve their ways of teaching English. Hence the difficulties in determining the subject of the sentences can be reduced.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Department: ["eprint_fieldopt_department_Facultyog of Teacher training and education" not defined]
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > English Education Study Program
Depositing User: Users 32 not found.
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 05:02
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2017 05:02
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/9077

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