The English vocabulary acquisition order of young learners in Sekolah Ciputra Surabaya

Claudia, Vanessa Stacy (2010) The English vocabulary acquisition order of young learners in Sekolah Ciputra Surabaya. Masters thesis, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya.

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Abstract

English is becoming more and more important each day, and its acquisition can occur both inside and outside the classroom. There are factors of acquisition: individual differences, motivation, nature of input and age differences. Previous researchers mainly stated about the differences between young learners and adolescents/adults in acquiring a second language, and in Sekolah Ciputra, there has no study about how the acquisition of a second language amongst the young learners themselves, which is quite interesting. How young learners acquire English as a second language can be seen through the order of their vocabulary acquisition. The purpose of this study is to allow the research about the English vocabulary acquisition amongst young learners, especially students age five to seven and students age seven to nine. In accordance with the purpose, the research question raised in this study is: how is the English vocabulary acquired by five to seven year-old students and seven to nine year-old students? This study applies qualitative design. In the process of collecting the data, the writer used the elicitation techniques. The type of observation done was a nonparticipant observation, during which the writer asked the students to write the English words based on the pictures given. On this study, the subjects were five to seven year-old students and seven to nine year-old students, which show that they were in the stage of Preoperational Period and Concrete Operational Period. It was an interesting that there were many kinds of students in those periods. In the process of acquiring second language vocabulary. a learner must have his/ her own ways to be successful. There are many ways known by researchers. but according to Reeves, Hirsh-Pasek, and Golinkoft' (1998), there are five important factors that influence how learners acquire the second language vocabulary, they are: frequency. imageability and concreteness and abstractness, semantics, grammatical class, and phonology. Those are said to be able to influence the speed and accuracy of access to second language vocabulary. Based on the research findings, it can be concluded that the English vocabulary acquired by five to seven year-old students are: Nouns: cake - chairkite. Verbs: eat - run - cry - fly - swim. Adjectives: hot - happy - big - old While the English vocabulary acquired by seven to nine year-old students are: Nouns: cake - sheep - policeman - camel - mountain - teacher - chair - carrot - kite - umbrella - watermelon - crayon - guitar, Verbs: sleep - read - sing - swim - fly - jump - write - drive - kick - paint- eat - run - cry - dance - drink - cook - knock - push. Adjectives: happy - old - hot - hungry - black - new - dirty - big - broken- sick - white - wild - heavy - loud - expensive - rich - empty

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Department: ["eprint_fieldopt_department_Graduate School" not defined]
Subjects: English Education
Divisions: Graduate School > Master Program in Teaching English as a Foreign Language
Depositing User: Sri Kusuma Dewi
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2016 10:50
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2016 10:50
URI: http://repository.wima.ac.id/id/eprint/6599

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